WHAT IS AUTISM, ASPERGER SYNDROME, AND PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER?
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There are two established systems for identifying mental disorders:
The International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) produced by the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes. This includes the analysis of the general health situation of population groups. Learn More about the ICD-10-CM Diagnostic Criteria for Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Atypical autism, and Asperger syndrome.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a standard classification of mental disorders used by mental health professionals. The diagnostic classification is the list of the mental disorders that are officially part of the DSM system. The DSM consists of three major components: the diagnostic classification, the diagnostic criteria sets, and the descriptive text. Learn More about the DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder.